Natural resources underpin the functioning of the European and global economy and our quality of life. These resources include raw materials such as fuels, minerals and metals but also food, soil, water, air, biomass and ecosystems. The pressures on natural resources are increasing. If current trends continue, by 2050, the global population is expected to have grown by 30% to around 9 billion and people in developing and emerging economies will legitimately aspire to the welfare and consumption levels of developed countries. As we have seen in recent decades, intensive use of the world’s resources puts pressure on our planet and threatens the security of supply.
Continuing our current patterns of resource use is not an option. In response to these changes, increasing resource efficiency will be important to securing growth and jobs for Europe. It will bring major economic opportunities, create jobs, improve productivity, drive down costs and boost competitiveness. It is necessary to develop new products, processes, technologies and services and find new ways to reduce inputs, minimize waste, improve management of resource stocks, change consumption patterns, optimize production processes, management and business methods, and improve.
Clusters we could take the challenge for encouraging innovation and accelerating the private investment in resource-efficient technologies, systems and skills, products and services, through a dynamic cluster approach among the stakeholders. This shall help stimulate technological innovation, boost employment in the fast developing ‘green technology’ sector, sustain EU trade by opening up new export markets, in underdeveloped , like China and ASEAN countries, as well as South American countries like Mexico, Colombia or Chile, benefiting consumers through more sustainable products.